Driverless car are also known as self-driving car, autonomous car, robotic car. Today cars already have many semi-autonomous features, like self-braking systems, assisted parking, night-vision camera, and cross-traffic assist system. The driverless car able to operate without human interventions by sensing its environment and navigation paths. Driverless car detects its surroundings like other vehicles, road work, pedestrians, people, road marking, signs and traffic lights by sensors scanning from multiple directions.
Driverless car significantly reduces the no of road accidents, reduce the demand of emergency systems, reduce insurance and health care costs, and reduce labor and other costs.
What technology makes driverless car?
In a driverless car there are three technologies used such as, Sensors, connectivity and software/control algorithms. Some of the advanced safety features like blind-spot monitoring, lane-keep assistance, forward collision warning. Driverless cars have the connectivity that are access the traffic light, surrounding weather, surface conditions, road infrastructure, construction, GPS, map, etc.
How driverless car works?
Driverless cars having software/control system algorithm that are capable of analyzing and collect date from surrounding by using sensors and connectivity. The software/control system makes the decisions on steering, speed, route navigation, distance calculation, reading traffic light signs, obeying traffic rules.
Who developing driverless car?
Every major car manufacturing/developing companies like, Audi, BMW, Ford, Google, General Motors, Volkswagen, Volvo, Mercedes, Lexus, Toyota and Tesla, are applying this driverless technology. Google uses lidar sensor technology (radar like technology that uses light instead of radio waves).
The future of driverless car
While technological capabilities continue to develop gradually toward making driverless vehicles in reality. There are some difficulties like collision avoidance, AI still not functioning properly, Software reliability, high quality navigation maps; vehicle total cost is high, loss of privacy and safety risks. Right now driverless cars are legal only in few US states. Self driving capabilities will add more benefits to society for personal transportation.